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人教版丨八年级下册英语3单元知识点总结

2021-08-15 03:22分类:权利民法 阅读:

人教版丨八年级下册英语3单元知识点总结

Unit3 Could you please clean your room?

【重点单词】

rubbish [ˈrʌbɪʃ] n. 垃圾,废物

take out the rubbish 倒垃圾

fold [fəʊld] v. 折半,折叠

mess [mes] n. 紊乱,脏乱,食堂

throw [θrəʊ] v. 扔,抛掷

all the time 反复,逆复

neither [ˈni:ðə] pron.adv. 二者都不;也不

shirt [ʃə:t] n. 活动衫,衬衫

as soon as 一…就…,尽快

pass [pɑ:s] v. 前走,通过,允诺

borrow ['bɒrəʊ] v. 借,借用

lend [lend] v. 借给,借出

finger [ˈfiŋgə(r)] n. 手指

hate [heɪt] v. 死路恨,厌倦

chore [tʃɔ:(r)] n. 杂务,无聊的做事

while [wail] conj. 当...时候,而,然而

snack [snæk] n. 幼吃,点心,快餐

stress [stres] n. 精神压力,心绪义务

waste [weɪst] v. 铺张,消耗

in order to 主意是,为了

provide [prə'vaid] v. 挑供,供给,供答

anyway [ˈeniwei] adv. 不论如何,不管怎样,而且

depend [diˈpend] v. 取决于,依赖,依赖

depend on 依赖于

develop [dɪˈveləp] v. 发展,巨大,开发, 法律适用期刊研制

independent [ˌindiˈpendənt] adj. 自力自立的,不受收敛的

independence [ˌɪndɪ'pendəns] n. 自力

fair [fɛə] adj. 公平的,偏袒的

unfair [ˌʌnˈfeə] adj. 不公平的,有私见的

fairness [ˈfeənɪs] n. 偏袒性,相符理性

since [sɪns] conj. 由于,既然

neighbor [ˈneɪbə] n. 邻居

take care of 照顾,处理

ill [il] adj. 生病的,有病的

drop [drɔp] v. 落下,跌落

【重点短语】

1.go out for dinner 出往吃饭

2.stay out late 在表面待到很晚

3.go to the movies 往望电影

4.get a ride 搭车

5.work on 从事

6.finish doing sth. 完善做某事

7.clean and tidy 清洁乾净的

8.do the dishes 洗餐具

9.take out the rubbish 倒垃圾

10.fold your/the clothes 叠衣服

11.sweep the floor 扫地

12.make your/the bed 清理床铺

13.clean the livng room 打扫客厅

14.no problem 没题目

15.welcome sb. 迎接某人

16.come home from school/work放学/放工回家

17.throw down 扔下

18.sit down 坐下

19.come over 过来

20.take sb. for a walk 带某人往信步

21.all the time 不息;总是

22.all day/evening 整曰/夜

23.do housework 做家务

24.shout back 大声回答

25.walk away 走开

26.share the housework 分担家务

27.a comfortable home 一个安详的家

28.in surprise 惊讶地

29.get something to drink 拿点喝的东西

30.watch one show 不雅旁观一个节现在

31.hang out 闲逛

32.pass sb. sth. 把某物传给某人

33.lend sb. sth. 把某物借给某人

34.get sth. wet 使某物弄湿

35. hate to do sth. 厌倦做某事

36.do chores 做杂务

37.help sb. (to ) d o /with sth.协助某人干某事

38.bring a tent带顶帐篷来

39.buy some snacks买些幼吃

40.go to the store往商店

41.invite sb. to a party邀请某人参添聚会

42.make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

43.enough stress有余的压力

44.a waste of time铺张时间

45.in order to为了

46.get good grades取得益收获

47.mind doing sth. 介意做某事

48.depend on依赖;依赖

49.develop children ’ s independence发展孩子的自力性

50.look after/take care of 照顾;照望

51.do one’ s part in (doing ) sth. 做某人分内的事

【重点句型】

1.Could you please clean your room?

你能打扫一下你的房间吗?

2. I have to do some work. 吾必须干些活。

3. Could I use your computer?

吾能够用一下你的电脑吗?

4. She won't be happy if she sees this mess. 倘若她望到云云杂乱无章的话,她会不快的。

5. For one week, she did not do any housework and neither did I. 整整一周,她什么家务活都不干了,吾也相通。

6. My mom came over as soon as I sat down in front of the TV .吾一在电视机前坐下,吾妈妈就过来了。

7. I hate to do chores. 吾不爱做杂务。

稀奇句型:

1、as ---as---(与---相通):用于同级比较。第一个as为副词,后跟形容词或副词的原级;第二个为连词,引导比较状语从句。

否定式样:not as/so ---as---,不如----

2、neither+连系动词be/助动词/情态动词+主语 ……(也不。)

这是一个倒装句,外示上句否定的情况也同样正当后者。

3.So+连系动词be/助动词/情态动词+主语

----也是。

这是一个倒装句,外示上句一定的情况也同样正当后者。

拓展:neither+主语+连系动词be/助动词/情态动词 ----实在不是云云。(外示措辞者允诺上文中措辞者的否定不益看点。)

4.So+主语+连系动词be/助动词/情态动词

-----实在是云云。

外示措辞者允诺上述措辞者说出的不益看点。

1、do one’s part in (doing ) sth 尽某人的职责做某事。

2、The+比较级,the+比较级 (外示越……,就越……)

比较级+比较级 (外示越来越……)

重点语法

can 的用法:

1)乞求别人时清淡用此句型,也能够说:Can you...please?情态动词could或can在这边均外示乞求,在有趣上无不同,但是用could在于其上显得更含蓄、客气、真挚。在平时生活中常操纵could you/I...?若在句末添上please,则显得更礼貌。

Could you help me find my book,please?你能帮吾找到吾的书吗?

(2)对could you/I...?的问句作出一定回答,常用“sure/certainly/of course”等;倘若作否定回答,常用“sorry或oh,please don’t”。 清淡不必no起头,用no显得语气生硬、不礼貌。

(3)外示乞求的句式:

Would you like to do...? Would you mind doing...? Let’s do.... Shall I/we do...?

Please do...(祈使句前添please)

挑示:could you please...与could I Please...两栽问句,前者是乞求别人协助的句式,后者是有礼貌地向别人乞求允诺的外交用语。试比较:

Could you please help me?请你帮吾一下益吗?

Could I please invite my friends to my birthday party,Mom? 妈妈, 吾能邀请吾的朋侪参添吾的生日聚会吗?

2. could的用法:

(1).can的以前式,意为“ 能、 会”, 外示能力时清淡译为“能、会”, 即有栽能力,尤其是生来具备的能力,此时may 和must 均不可代替它。如:She can swim fast, but I can’t . 她能游得很快,但吾不克。I can see with my eyes. 吾用眼睛望。

(2). could在疑问句中,外示含蓄的语气,此时 could 异国以前式的有趣。如:Could you do me a favour? 你能帮吾个忙吗?—Could I use your pen? 吾能用一下你的钢笔吗? —Yes, you can.能够。(仔细回答)

常用于否定句和疑问句中, 此时can’t 译为“ 不能够”。—Can it be our teacher?谁人人有能够是吾们先生吗?—No, it can’t be our teacher. He is on a visit to the Great Wall.不能够。咱们先生正在游览长城呢。

【单元作文】

【话题:做家务和乞求允诺】以家务、杂务为话题,掌握情态动词could外示含蓄地乞求允诺的用法。结相符本单元短文所讲内容“青少年在家答不该该做家务”,请求同学们会写相关议论的短文。

范例 1 ★★★

Last Saturday morning, my parents went out to visit their friends. After breakfast, I did the dishes. After that, I began to clean the living room. I swept the floor, cleaned the window and took out the rubbish. At around 11:00, I began to cook lunch. When my parents came back home, they saw the clean living roomand some delicious food. They were very happy and said to me, “Dear, you really did a good job! Thank you.”

范例 2 【Unit 3单元测试范文】★★★

Dear Sandy,

I am going to have a birthday party at my house next Saturday. I have to prepare for the party and I need your help. Could you please help me do the following things? Call some friends and invite them to the party. Help me clean the room before the party. Prepare some food and drinks for the party. And after the party, help me take out the rubbish. Hope to hear from you soon.

Yours, Nancy

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